Billenuim questions


  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.

The story is set in the distant future as the name Billenium suggests. Nearly twenty million people are squashed into a city putting tremendous pressure on space. The city council has restricted the space that an individual can occupy to mere 38 square feet. John Ward and Henry Rossiter are friends who share living space. They are both employed but find it hard to get by in the crowded city where traffic can last for days with no one being able to move due to congestion. While knocking about their cubicle, Ward discovers a forgotten room close to their cubicle. They are euphoric in this new space, thrilled due to the extense space. They buy a Victorian wardrobe which is the only valuable piece of furniture in the place. Soon, Rossiter has the idea of inviting their girlfriends to share the extra room with them. The girls in turn ask their families to move in and take advantage of the space. Ward who had hated the greedy landlords soon becomes a landlord himself, with making money becoming more significant than enjoying their new room. In order to make more space, Ward and Rossiter break up the beautiful wardrobe, and the increased amount of people living in the space makes it become smaller and smaller.

  1. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

Overpopulation changes the way people live. Life is awful and the quality of life is incredibly low. There’s so much oppression people can’t even walk on the sidewalk without getting bruises. Pedestrian jams can last for days without cars moving due to congestion. Even in their houses or cubicles people cannot be freed from this oppression, as the space they have is incredibly reduced(this was a consequence to overpopulation). The quest for living space becomes an ambition and obsession lot the citizens. People lack privacy and even have to share bathrooms and kitchens. Hygiene and privacy were completely lost, which drove people crazy in the search for them.

  1. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

The quest for living space is absurd and almost impossible to achieve as to have some extra space you need have to a family and at least three kids, which is crazy. By doing this, the people living in this society are contributing to overpopulation instead of finding a way to reduce it. When the character’s find a bigger space, they have the need to occupy that empty space with big furnitures or having more people live with them. When the characters do this, it shows how they aren’t able to have an empty space because their minds are framed in living in a small and cramped space. Becoming used to the idea of oppression, once people are a little bit more free, that aren’t able to take advantage of it and end up wasting the extra space they have(as the main characters of the story).

  1. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

Ward and Rossiter hate the way that they have to live due to the overpopulation of society. They deeply despise the lack of privacy and space. For example, Ward hates landlords, but he ends up becoming one. They can’t help but follow the flow of things no matter how much they hate it.

  1. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.
  1. G. Ballard thinks that the population is selfish, that they think about only about of themselves and their families. We believe this because people instead of wanting and contributing with the reduction of population, they instead do anything to have some more space for living, which only happens if they have at least three kids. So this is ironic, because also the government does not stop overpopulation, as a result of this, the population have more than three kids, and they receive more space, however as they have more kids, the population increase.


  1. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?


Yes we agree, because nowadays the population is always growing, and some countries have many children. As a result, it is very possible that we could end up like the characters in the story, with overpopulation, because of the increase of children that is happening nowadays.


  1. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?


Ward is one of the protagonists of Billenium, maybe he is the main character. He works as a librarian and he shares the small room with  his friend Henry Rossiter. He was very affected when the wardrobe was destroyed to have more space. He does not like, or he hate the landlords that reduces the size of the cubicles to have money.


  1. What role does Rossiter play in the story?


Henry Rossiter is Ward’s friend. He is the one that made the terrible mistake of convincing Ward on inviting people to live with them in the double cubicle, that was big and could be felt by more people.


  1. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.
  2. Discuss the effects that over-population and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.
  3. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?
  4. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?
  5. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?
  6. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.




5- J. G. Ballard thinks that the population is selfish, that they think about only about of themselves and their families. We believe this because people instead of wanting and contributing with the reduction of population, they instead do anything to have some more space for living, which only happens if they have at least three kids. So this is ironic, because also the government does not stop overpopulation, as a result of this, the population have more than three kids, and they receive more space, however as they have more kids, the population increase.


9- The role of the female characters in the story were of friends that they took advantage of the space that their friends gave to them


10- What the effect of overpopulation has had on the nature of family is that the overpopulation was caused by how families wanted to have some more space that they decide to have kids which contribute with this.


11- The secret room next to Ward and Rossiter’s cubicle symbolized freedom, it was a leak or a crack that let them escape from living in a limited space.


12- Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they were used to live in a small place called “cubicles” and when they found a big place, they started putting big furniture and then inviting people to live with them so they started reducing the space that they had. For me Ballard making a comment on how difficult is to change and adapt to places for all the humans and in this case, the protagonist didn’t take advantage of all the space that they had.

13- At the end of the story, there were seven people living in the secret room, and they divided that room in seven parts so all the people have their own “room”. At the end, they end up living in a smaller place than the cubicles.


14- Ballard uses different techniques of speech to emphasize his point of overpopulation. He uses hyperbaton and oxymoron to make the reader understand how he feels towards the society in his time and he wants to prove a point. The story also names the word “cubicle”, by doing this it emphasizes that we as a society are destined to live in a place meant to be in an office.

Task 2

The video shows how small and uncomfortable the cubicles are. Both, the story and the video explain that living in cubicles is the result of having overpopulation. This must be very hard to live in since they have so little space in their cubicles.

I did it with Francisco Montya, and Trinidad Porretti

Publicado en ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Essay Lion Heart

Essay Lion heart by Amanda Chong


Eq: This poem proudly describes Singapore. The poet cleverly uses the Merlion to symbolize the magnificence and pride of her home country. Comment closely on this.


     The Merlion is the national personification of Singapore, this means that is a symbol that represents the magnificence of Singapore. This statue combines the “mer” which is refer to the sea. The fish body represents Singapore’s origin as a fishing village and “lion” which  represents Singapore’s original name, meaning to a “lion city”. She talks about both of fish and lion to express the greatness of this beautiful nation.

      The writer uses the Merlion to describe what the country means to her, and to symbolises all the greatness and magnificence that you will find if you visit that beautiful country. She tries to transmit us this by describing the Merlion like a strong and brave animal, and combining it with the fish, that means agility, balance, nevertheless it also represents the sea and the ocean.

        She conveys us a feeling and an impression that make us feel how strong the culture of the country is, only making imagining the symbol of the lion and the fish, by joining both in a sublimity statue of both animals joined together to represent an enormous nation full of culture and full of braveness.

       In conclusion, the writer uses a lot the presence of the Merlion in this poem to represent what this country means to her, a strong and powerful nation full of greatness and an extended culture.

Publicado en ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Poem of language/literature

In class of Literature and language, with Pilar and Pato, we made in pairs our first poem. This is our poem:

The Church of Pilar is full of fire anywhere,

Its passion illuminates every little and

infinitive space of darkness


God is presented there,

pane is replaced by love.

It´s ornaments shine as fire although

some of them are quondam.


And every day when the bell rings,

moving such as strong as a whale,

passion is felt more than never


Hundreds of people visiting the Church

every year.

Hundreds of souls celebrating near to it.

Hundreds of hearts resurrect there.

Hundreds of times we say sorry to God there.

Hundreds of times God forgives us.

Hundreds of times we are loved by god


Publicado en Important stuff, ingles, language, literature | Deja un comentario

The Berlin blockade

Our teacher gave us a task that was to make a chart, answering a few questions, and then answer other questions.

This is my chart:

And this are my questions:

1- Germany was very weak, and in the soviet part of german, the industries didn’t advance. However, in the part of Berlin that was from Britain, USA and France, they were trying to help them to recover.


2-  The soviets were very strict, and they did not accept any help of Truman to recover Germany, but the part that was from USA, was trying to be helped by Truman. Also Stalin influenced a lot in his part of Germany, establishing the communism.


3- It was a key issue so that both sides could recover economically, however Stalin didn’t accept this help that came from Truman. Obviously, Truman did this not only to help Germany, but also that it could keep his side of Germany with capitalism.


4- It was a major feat because through this, they could stop the Berlin blockade. Also because they feared than Stalin could shoot to the planes, but at the end, they were successfully.


5- They increased the tension during the airlift because, USA was helping the people of the soviet part of Germany without the concern of Stalin, and Stalin was not happy with this act.


6- Stalin made this because he realised that with the airlift, the blockade was unuseful, because the soviet part was being helped by the capitalist part.


EQ: In my opinion, I think that the soviets, because they started all the tension there with this idea of the blockade, and then the americans reacted in a good way, with a good idea, but also that idea increased the tension between those two.

Publicado en history, ingles | Deja un comentario

Trabajo formación ética – Casa Rosada

Este es nuestro vídeo, de la visita de la casa rosada. Lo hice con mi grupo: Bianca Ieraci, Francisco Montoya y Oliverio Llobet. Esperamos que les guste:

Publicado en castellano, civica | Deja un comentario

Booktube My family and Other Animals

This is my booktube for language. Hope you like it!!

Publicado en ingles, language, writing & oral | Deja un comentario

Narracion oral

Esta es la narracion oral que realice en base al cuento ” La pata de mono ” e introduci distintos efectos de sonido para hacer que parezca mas realista. A continuacion les dejare un link que los llevara a la pagina en la cual publique mi trabajo terminado. Espero que lo disfruten!

Publicado en castellano, lengua | Deja un comentario

Trailer del príncipe de la niebla

Luego de leer el libro “El Príncipe de la Niebla”, escrito por Carlos Ruiz Zafón, nuestra profesora de lengua nos asignó un trabajo en grupos. Este consistía en crear un trailer de la novela incluyendo los elementos principales del desarrollo de la historia.

Yo trabajé con Marcos Okecki, Abril Teran Frías y Tomás Braun. Este es nuestro trabajo:

Publicado en castellano, lengua | Deja un comentario

El Estado, trabajo practico de formación ética

Este es el trabajo práctico sobre unas preguntas que se encontraban al final del capítulo del libro de formación etica que habla del Estado. Comencé en clase haciéndolo con Luz Esteban, pero finalmente lo hice individualmente debido a que me ausente el día viernes 20 por una fiebre, día en el cual se terminó dicho trabajo. Luz me informó que tenía que hacerlo individualmente y este es el resultado:

  1. Indiquen si las siguientes afirmaciones son verdaderas o falsas. Justifiquen sus respuestas en la carpeta
  1. Los conceptos de gobierno y estado son sinónimos.
  2. El territorio de un Estado es considerado un espacio tridimensional.
  3. La centralización del poder en la organización del territorio es uno de los rasgos que caracterizó a el proceso de formación de los Estados modernos.
  4. El proceso de formación de los Estados modernos en América fue diferente al que tuvo lugar en Europa.
  5. El Estado de derecho se caracteriza por concentrar todas las decisiones en una persona o grupo de individuos.
  6. En los Estados federales coexisten diferentes ámbitos de gobierno.

Respuestas de la 1.

  1. Esto es falso. Esto pasa por que cuando nos referimos a estado, nos referimos a el territorio, la población y el gobierno. Con el gobierno solo no se puede formar un Estado, ya que este ejerce y administra el poder.
  2. Esto es verdadero. Esto es así por que está compuesto por el suelo y el subsuelo, por el espacio aéreo, y por el espacio marítimo.
  3. Esto es verdadero. Esto es así por que la confirmación de los Estados modernos fue el resultado de la centralización del poder durantes los años pasados. Entonces el Estado tomo el control en la vida social de los ciudadanos.
  4. Esto es verdadero. Esto fue así por que el territorio americano, el cual estaba colonizado por países de Europa, los cuales la organización política dependía de aquellos imperios europeos.
  5. Esto es falso. El Estado de derecho ejerce el poder político, pero siempre regulado por la ley y controlado por la justicia. El Estado de derecho también divide el poder, y reconoce los derechos fundamentales. Por último, afirma que la Constitución es la ley suprema. Esto significa que el Estado de derecho es totalmente opuesto a lo que expresa la afirmación.
  6. Esto es verdadero. Esto es así por que en los Estados federales hay tres diferentes tipos de gobiernos: estatal, provincial o municipal.


  1. Escriban un texto breve explicando por qué el Estado de de derecho es considerado el “imperio de la ley”. Incluyan una reflexión sobre la importancia de este principio fundamental para la vida en un régimen democrático.



El Estado de derecho es considerado el “Imperio de la ley” ya que el ejercicio del poder político está siempre regulado por la ley y controlado por la justicia. En otras palabras, las personas que ocupan cargos estatales no pueden seguir su mera voluntad, deben guiarse por lo que determina la ley. Además el imperio de la ley establece que, las leyes deben ser creadas por órdenes representativos con el fin de expresar la voluntad de la población. Este principio es fundamental en un orden democrático, para que las personas que ocupan cargos en el estado, estén limitadas y guiadas por la ley, para evitar decisiones injustas que solo los podían favorecer a ellos.


  1. Lean las siguientes afirmaciones. Luego, explíquenlas con sus palabras en la carpeta.
  1. El Estado detenta el monopolio de la fuerza.
  2. La nación es una comunidad imaginada.
  3. El régimen político está conformado por los marcos institucionales dentro de los cuales funciona la vida política de una comunidad.
  1. Respuestas:
  1. El Estado detenta (es el único que lo posee) el monopolio de la fuerza ya que este, a través de diferentes instituciones tales como el ejército, la policía o la gendarmería, es el único autorizado a ejercer violencia física de forma legítima en caso de ser necesario. Además, ningún ciudadano puede recurrir a la violencia para resolver un conflicto.
  2. La nación se imagina como una comunidad porque independientemente de la desigualdad y de la explotación, la nación se comprende siempre como un compañerismo profundo.
  3. Esto ocurre por que las ideas sobre las cuales se fundamentan la autoridad de los gobernantes




Estado liberal Estado de bienestar Estado neoliberal
Predominó a lo largo del siglo XIX Predominó a comienzos de 1930. Se creo en la década de 1970.
Configura un orden político y jurídico, con el objetivo de otorgar los derechos a los ciudadanos Se encarga de desarrollar una política económica que favorezca al crecimiento del empleo. Surgió en medio de una crisis económica
Reconoció los derechos civiles y políticos de los ciudadanos. Es una política de solidaridad. Protegió el derecho de propiedad individual e intentó garantizar libre comercio.
Se dividen las funciones del Estado otorgándolas a poderes separados. Con el recibimiento de los impuestos, los programas destinados a garantizar la seguridad se complementaron. El Estado neoliberal surgió por la lucha de los derechos económicos, laborales y sociales.


  1. Prohibición para los chicos menores de edad al manejar. Esto está totalmente prohibido ya que si esto pasa, podría formar una gran catástrofe. Esto está categorizado como transporte. Con esta prohibición se intenta regular más los accidentes de tránsito, los cuales pasan muy frecuentemente por que estos chicos manejan sus vehículos en un estado de ebriedad, lo cual también está prohibido por la ley. Para regular esto se está controlando mucho más la calles durante el horario de la noche, que es cuando más chicos salen de fiesta y están ebrios. Para este proyecto que se viene luchando hace años, no hay que invertir una gran cantidad de financiamiento, sino que hay que concientizar a los jóvenes.


  1. La Argentina es una nación ya que una nación es aquel grupo de personas las cuales comparten el mismo idioma, misma religión, y mismas costumbres. En nuestro país existen otras comunidades indígenas las cuales reclaman ser reconocidas como naciones, y esto pasa por que ellos no comparten nuestros mismo idiomas costumbres o religion.
Publicado en castellano, civica | Deja un comentario

Language online test


1- What happened to the male character on a piece of an episode of Once Upon a Time was that he was walking back to home, in a cold and dark night, it was very late, and while he was walking he realized someone was trying to steal him, he had left the phone in his office so he didn’t have anything, he tried to catch the thief but this criminal stabbed him with a knife. Then the female character passed and caught him. The doctors said that if she had found him some minutes later, it would have been to late.



Past simple: Then the female character passed and caught him

Past continuous: While he was walking he realized someone was trying to steal him

Past perfect: he had left the phone in his office so he didn’t have anything

Conditional type 3: The doctors said that if she had found him some minutes later, it would have been to late.


3-Summary of the gold Cadillac.

The gold Cadillac is about an african black family whose father buys a luxurious car and he wants to visit there relatives with that car. The mother of this family is not happy with this decision of buying the car but at the and she accepted to travel in it. As the family was black the people discriminated them and the police asked them if the car was of them or if they stole it. The story takes place in the United States. The narrator of the story is one of the daughters, Lois. The family is formed by Wilbert, the father, Dee, the mother, Wilma and Lois that are the daughters.

Publicado en ingles, language, writing & oral | Deja un comentario